Cinco de Mayo
"Cinco de Mayo" - which literally means "May 5th" - is one of the most important national holidays in Mexico. Most people confuse this holiday with the celebration of the National Liberation which is on September 16 or even with the agricultural revolution of Emilio Zapata. In fact, on May 5, the Mexicans celebrate their victory over the French organized army, in an unequal battle between David and Goliath, which took place in Puebla in 1862.
As early as 1861, the large and well-organized French army had succeeded in ousting President Juarez inland. But on May 5, 1862, the French found strong resistance from far fewer Mexicans in the Puebla area and were forced to retreat.
This victory, although of little importance in the overall outcome of the war, raised the psychology of the Mexican army and strengthened the sense of national unity. In fact, May 5 is a milestone date, since no American country has been conquered by Europeans.
The celebrations of Cinco de Mayo are very intense in the Puebla area and last around 20 days! Impressive parades in honor of the unexpected victory of the Mexicans take place during the festivities, culminating in a huge fiesta with plenty of food and music.